It won’t be possible to sustainably feed the projected global population of 10 billion if we do not change our food preferences.
We live in a world where obesity as an epidemic is affecting 500+ million and on the other hand more than 800 million are chronically hungry. By 2050 global food systems will need to meet the dietary demands of more than 10 billion people.
The scientific community unanimously concludes that our food preferences and choices have a direct correlation to the future of food sustainability. Given the current trajectory of economic growth by 2050 it is very likely that people on average will be relatively well off than they are today. It is argued that, If the current western diet (i.e, the meat-based diet of the developed economy) remains the preferred diet, then we are in great danger. Following years of joint collaboration and research in a 2019 paper, the Oxford Martin School in the UK and the World Economic Forum concludes that “it would be impossible for a global population of 10 billion people to eat the amount of meat typical of diets in North America and Europe and keep within the agreed sustainable development goals (SDGs) for the environment and climate, it would require too much land and water, and lead to unacceptable greenhouse‑gas and other pollutant emissions.”
What are the solutions?
According to the UN FAO, legumes such as Lentils, pulse, beans and peas provide the perfect answer to this issue of feeding the protein need of extra billions. Given their superior nutritional profiles, carbon neutral footprint and the capabilities to sustain most diverse geo-climatic conditions Legumes are the champion of suitability.